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Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). FIG. Other leading cotton … Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). Working groups have been put in place to develop common solutions for issues such as child labour, Integrated Pest Management, monitoring and evaluation and supply chain. Cotton made in Africa. BCI started its first operations in Africa in 2010 and now runs programmes directly in four African countries: Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique and South Africa. Cotton production is inherently non-impactful on the environment. Opinion - Cotton lint is the most important input in the textile industry. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton season. In West Africa, organic and / or Fairtrade cotton production is centred in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. Cotton is planted during October and harvested at the beginning of the winter season, from April to July, when temperatures can drop below freezing point on winter evenings. Cotton is one of the few crops that is cultivated as a cash crop, exclusively for export purposes. You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. However, before you acquire the land, you’ll need to … Greece imports only a small amount of cotton, but its exports are significant, making Greece the fourth largest cotton exporter in the world (USDA Economic and Statistics System). The crop is mostly grown within the “Cotton Belt”, an area that comprises 17 southern states including Virginia, Arizona, Mississippi and Texas. Cotton Production in Sub-Saharan Africa According to Baffes (2004), African cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, using sustainable growing methods with harmony between agriculture, the natural environment and human beings. Naturally occurring wild cotton types in Africa are found mostly in Sudan, but these could have been brought to the continent by Arab traders. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) is an internationally recognised standard for sustainable cotton from Africa. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. The most commercially grown cotton species is Gossypium hirsutum, first developed by the Mayan civilisation in Mexico. Texas is the United States’ largest cotton producer; it accounts for approximately 45 percent of all the country’s cotton production. Today Africa produces nearly half a million tons of tea annually, grown primarily in the African nations of Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Indonesia is the only one of the top five cocoa-producing countries that is not located in Africa, but in Southeast Asia. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve … Ostriches are used to produce leather products, while goats are often farmed for milk or meat. Cotton Exporter Africa. Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such as Kano, Kaduna, Oyo, Ondo, Kwara, Katsina, Jigawa, Ogun, Kebbi, Sokoto & Zamfara state. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton … Textile companies can now procure cotton produced from CmiA verified cotton companies – click here to see the updated list of verified companies. US bans cotton, tomato imports from China’s Xinjiang Order directs US ports to detain cotton, tomato products grown, produced by entities operating in … In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. Leasing should be at least 10 years so that you can have adequate time to obtain a reasonable return on your investment. This gives increased flexibility to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs. Since 2005, CmiA has been committed to protecting the environment while improving working and living conditions for smallholder farmers and ginnery workers. However, cotton farming became more challenging for smallholder farmers, who lacked access to necessary government funding and support to grow cotton crops. “Our training and support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices. In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. Production can be challenging, as the crop is prone to attack by a wide variety of pests, especially African bollworm and sucking pests like aphids and whiteflies. Although world cotton production is dominated by China, India and the US, cotton is vital for the survival of many low income countries in Central and West Asia and Africa – it accounts, in value terms, for 26.4 per cent of Benin’s exports and 58.7 per cent of Burkina Faso’s. In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. In fact, the country barely produced any cocoa until the 1980s. They also found that the cotton itself was much like that grown in America today. Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, … Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. Cotton Cotton grows in warm climates and most of the world’s cotton is grown in the U.S., Uzbekistan, the People’s Republic of China and India. This will, in turn, increase the sale of more sustainable African cotton on the world market, consequently improving economic and environmental sustainability of smallholder farmers on the continent. Ultimately, the aim of the partnership is to improve the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa's labor force and is responsible for 32 percent of its gross domestic product. About 8% of the cotton traded in the world market is harvested in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. In the 2018-19 cotton season, 646 licensed BCI Farmers produced 18,000 tonnes of Better Cotton lint on 18,000 hectares. Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, at the West of the KwaZulu-Natal province. ... Over a third of China's oil comes from Africa, as does 20% of the country’s cotton. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). African fish farm crops include trout, tilapia, catfish, oysters and mussels. Cotton farming is best done in commercial quantities; hence you’ll need a large expanse. AbTF was founded in 2005 by Dr. Michael Otto, the Hamburg business entrepreneur and Chairman of Otto Group.Cotton marketed under the badge is produced according to strict criteria for environmental, economic and social sustainability. Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. Mali is the largest producer in this region followed by Burkina Faso, Benin and Senegal. Africa exported 975306 tons of cotton lint in 2017, major importers of African cotton are Bangladesh, Vietnam, China, and Malaysia. In the 2018-19 cotton season, 822,371 CmiA farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia produced 576,000 metric tonnes of cotton lint in line with the CmiA and Better Cotton Standards. By 2009, … Supima cotton is a type Pima cotton that has received the blessing of the American Supima Association (ASA). The first harvest of Better Cotton took place in the 2016-17 cotton season. The number of countries planting biotech crops on the continent has grown from three in 2018 to six in 2019. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Chad: Ethiopia: Kenya: Tanzania: Sudan: South Sudan: Uganda: Cotton Cotton is grown in small pockets throughout the entire country. of Farmers: 25,584 No. By official estimates, cotton lint makes up for the 85% of the total cotton income while the rest is from the cotton seed. In that year, cotton … You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa… Cotton is grown by smallholder farmers and large commercial farms in Ethiopia’s southern Rift Valley. Who is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa? Nowadays Egyptian Extra Fine & Extra Long Staple Cotton, t he finest in the world, including Cotton varieties like . We also work with cotton companies and retail partners to invest in community projects focused on women’s empowerment, education, nature protection, water and hygiene, which provide broader benefits to cotton-producing communities.” – Tina Stridde, Managing Director at Aid by Trade Foundation. Smaller tea gardens are also starting to develop in the regions of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo- Zaire, Ethiopia, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. Africa. Some pioneer settlers thought cotton might succeed in East Africa. Cotton South Africa is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa. You can either acquire or lease your land depending on your preference. Although cotton production in Africa is not significant on a global scale, a large number of African countries remain heavily dependent on cotton. At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing. Cotton Made in Africa is a project based on standards and criteria designed to help the socio-economic development of smallholder cotton farmers in sub-Saharan Africa through trade and to improve the social, ecological, and economic living conditions of these agricultural communities. 5. In 2013, following three years of collaboration, BCI completed a Strategic Partnership Agreement with the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), owners of the Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) Standard and Smallholder Cotton Standard (SCS). 5. Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D. This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2019. The Greek cotton industry has shown a small interest in organic cotton. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. Cotton pant is a shrub and native of tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Africa, Egypt, America, and India. of Women Farmers: 6,625 Organic Cotton Production Area: 38,821 ha Seed Cotton Production: 21,721 mt Fiber (lint) Production: 8,922 mt Bales (US) of Cotton Lint: 40,952 Cotton … Fig. It produces 3,999 thousand metric tonnes a year. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Cotton imports Source: Agricultural Statistics FIG. The cotton plant also produces a fruit called bolls which are used as the food. To be considered “Supima,” Pima cotton can only be grown in the United States with organic cultivation practices. Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. Ostriches are used to … Quality has traditionally been seen as high throughout the continent, largely thanks to hand picking. Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus. Cotton grows well in a warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil, this makes Sub-Saharan Africa one of the largest cotton … Growing Season: 2011-12 Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda General Staple Lengths: Short, Medium & Long No. This partnership means that BCI does not introduce a parallel scheme in countries where AbTF and CmiA are already delivering benefits to smallholder farmers. Cotton made in Africa is a project initiative launched and managed by the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), headquartered in Hamburg. Burkina Faso in Western Africa has 90% of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture. The Rise and Decline of Cotton Growing in Kenya. To learn more about cookies and opt-out options, please refer to our Cookie and Data Privacy Policy. Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an effective and responsible way, and harvested by … Giza 45, Giza 87 and Giza 93, represents less than one percent of the total local … Heavy pesticide use has had serious health and environmental consequences. 2020. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve low yields. To advance South Africa to an environmentally responsible future, the cotton industry is continuing with the development and implementation of new technologies and methods of cotton production and manufacturing, and developing new uses for the cotton plant that will result in meeting consumer needs and to balance productivity and profit, without compromising the ability of […] Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. Many farmers qualifying under CmiA are now able to market their cotton as Better Cotton or Cotton made in Africa, depending on the demand in the market. The major challenge with cotton farming is that the farming process is highly capital and labor intensive. Over this period of time, China’s GDP has grown more than 10-fold, ranking #2 in the world today. The aim is also to provide textile companies and traders with increased access to more sustainable cotton. Cotton is a fluffy, soft fiber that grows in a boll around the seeds of cotton plants. Opinion - Cotton lint is the most important input in the textile industry. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. Interestingly, the clothing and fabrics found in the ancient tombs of Egypt were always flax fibre and never from cotton. Building smallholders’ capacity and helping them gain access to vital funding and inputs remains an important priority for BCI in the years ahead. The cotton plant makes up cotton lint which is the fabric like material and makes up 42 of the total weight of the plant. Image: Licensed CmiA Farmers © Martin J. Kielmann for CmiA. The greatest diversity of cotton species is found in Africa… An independent study comparing the two standards led to a benchmarking agreement between BCI and AbTF, whereby the cotton verified as CmiA/SCS can also be sold as Better Cotton (but not vice versa). Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin. Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. of Producer Groups: 9 No. East Africa - Crop Production Maps. Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such … Cocoa cultivation in Indonesia is a relatively new industry. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. 5 outlines cotton imports into South Africa for the past ten market-ing seasons. Sorghum, millet, corn and rice are grown as subsistence crops with cash crops including groundnuts, cotton seed, cotton fibre and sesame. Some of the main crops grown in Africa include cereals and grains, such as corn, wheat and rice, and legumes and fodder, such as beans, groundnut and cowpea. Usually, the major share of the capital goes into acquiring the land. South Africa is a net importer of cotton lint and between 40 to 60 % of its cotton needs is imported annually. So the British East Africa Corporation Ltd was established in 1906 with the aim of spreading the work of the British Cotton Growing Association, a body designed to encourage cotton growing in the British Empire and to establish cotton … We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. How Does Cotton Fabric Impact the Environment? The earliest evidence of the use of cotton in the Old World, dated to 5500 BC and preserved in copper beads, has been found at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, at the foot of the Bolan Pass in Balochistan, Pakistan. To learn more about cookies and opt-out options, please refer to our Cookie and Data Privacy Policy. Where is cotton grown in the world? In the 2018-19 cotton season, large farms improved their approach to precision agriculture (using satellite data, remote sensing devices and data gathering technologies) to help optimise the way they manage their farms. 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