Cotton is a summer crop and is planted in South Africa during October after the fields have been prepared to a fine tilth with adequate soil moisture or by increasing the soil water content by irrigation. For that reason alone, it does well in the dry or humid savannahs of Africa. Small business ideas, business plans, & tips for African entrepreneurs to start, run, & grow successful businesses. If you want to get cotton seeds, contact me. Africa is a huge continent—larger than the USA, China, India, Japan, and Europe put together. It is commonly known as upland cotton. The production of cotton in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by subsistence agriculture and peasant in nature. Gossypium arboreum accounts for about 2% of cotton production. Upland cotton has relatively short fibers. It needs sufficient heat and light to mature and should not be subject to frost prior to maturity. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. Africa is therefore an exposure and vulnerability “hot spot” for climate variability and change impacts. It has extra-long fibers which makes it extra soft and extra strong. Photo : ©Jorgen Schytte . Professional Business Plans For Your Success, View startuptipsdaily’s profile on Facebook, View startuptipdaily’s profile on Twitter, View startuptipsdaily’s profile on Instagram, View 112684232616485826000’s profile on Google+, How To Start A Lucrative Cotton Farming & Production Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, Still Looking For Funds? Cotton farming is of marginal profitability for many small farmers. The increase in its gross producer value (GPV) in 2018 though was the second highest of the agricultural sectors (ABSA, 2018). HOW can i contact you? Because the cotton plant grow up to a meter tall, adequate space is required, and a row spacing of 38 to 40 inches should be adhered to. Southern black cotton farmers faced discrimination from the north, and many white Democrats were concerned about how many of them were being employed in the US cotton industry and the dramatic growth of black landowners. Soil for cotton farming doesn’t have to be of excellent quality. There are four staple categories: short, medium, long and extra-long. Cotton production in South Africa is supported and enhanced by the efforts of Cotton SA and the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti) who were instrumental in establishing the Sustainable Cotton Cluster (SCC) to revive the local cotton industry and support new cotton farmers. I like your idea. After pollination, the flower of the cotton shrub produces a fruit capsule (boll), about the size of a walnut. These include colour, purity, staple length, fineness, strength, and evenness. A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. Required fields are marked *. Cotton thrives on … It is necessary to think differently in order to reduce negative impacts on humans and the environment, and to maintain diversity in the web of life. Our in-depth online export course is specifically designed to help you build a successful export business from scratch IN 90 DAYS WITHOUT LOSING ANY MONEY FROM YOUR INVESTMENTS, GUARANTEED! Cotton production presents a double bind for West African smallholder farmers, providing much-needed cash income through a chemically intensive production system that has a negative effect on human and environmental health. Planting time depends on the region, climate (soil temperature) and particularly the rainfall in the area. In the drawing (drafting) stage, a series of variable-speed rollers attenuates and reduces the sliver to firm uniform strands of usable sizes. A card (carding) machine brushes the loose fibers into rows that are joined as a soft sheet, or web, and forms them into loose untwisted ropes known as card sliver. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), which sets out to improve the sustainability of mainstream cotton production. All parts of the cotton plant are useful, as the seeds provide oil, plastics, and explosives. Eventually, the raw cotton is pressed into large bales and sold on to spinning mills for yarn manufacture, where it then starts its trip along the textile chain: from the spinning mill to the finished garment. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) was founded by the entrepreneur Prof. Dr. Michael Otto in 2005. Plastic waste has unfortunately spread, even to remote villages in Africa, and may lead to the presence of foreign material. Visit www.cottonsa.org.za for the latest cotton market reports.. Between 2004 and 2008 Swele specialised in planting sunflowers but after attending cotton farming training courses she decided to make the switch. Writing a bank and investor ready professional Cotton farming business plan can be challenging. cotton farmers. Hello. Cotton is one of the most demanded cash crops in the world because of its uses in the production of fabric in the clothing industry. A picker (picking machine) then wraps the fibers into a lap. As the groundwater level falls, and rivers or wetlands dry out, drinking water for humans and animals becomes scarce. Rain-fed cotton also grew in Humera, Bilate, and Arba Minch. Maria Swele with cotton produced on her Loskop Cotton plant where she employs just over 100 people. Muslin is a gauzy fabric that offers immense breathability while maintaining its form over time. Cotton farmers in west Africa are losing out on vital income because of subsidies paid to rival growers in the EU, US, China and India, Fairtrade Foundation says. Sustainable cotton production is the solution to these issues. Download here . The cotton crop begins to sprout about a week or two after planting. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) ist eine Initiative der Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF) mit Sitz in Hamburg, die durch Handel Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe leistet und so zur Armutsbekämpfung in Subsahara-Afrika beiträgt. Am the state chairman of cotton producers and merchants association of Nigeria (COPMAN) Benue state chapter. Other measures for growing cotton sustainably are the efficient use of pesticides and fertilisers and the responsible use of water. The country’s richest people used to be cotton farmers who owned cars, tractors, good houses, had their children in private schools and even bought cows with the money from cotton, he noted. Kenya cotton is one of the essential crops for the country’s once vibrant textile industry. Planting time depends on the region, climate (soil temperature) and particularly the rainfall in the area.... more Cotton is easier to wash and care for than other fabrics. CmiA aims to improve the living conditions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa while protecting the environment and increasing transparency in the textile supply chain. Trials are currently being conducted in Benin on the use of cotton bags for harvesting to reduce contamination with leftover plastic materials, which are unfortunately found ever more often in the fields of Africa. So production cannot happen all year round. Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an effective and responsible way, and harvested by hand. Gossypium hirsutum accounts for about 90% of the cotton produced in the world. From Africa Recovery, Vol.16 #2-3 (September 2002), page 29. Notwithstanding, loamy soil is best for cotton farming. Each year, India produces an average of 5,770 thousand metric tonnes of cotton making it the … Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) was founded by the entrepreneur Prof. Dr. Michael Otto in 2005. Cotton farming is of marginal profitability for many small farmers. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Cotton farming was one of the major areas of racial tension in its history, where many whites expressed concerns about the mass employment of blacks in the industry and the … Any one interested for going large scale profitable commercial cotton farming/ Cotton contract farming in Africa. and comprises mainly cellulose. Before Nigeria’s focus on oil, cotton exports accounted for about 25% of country’s Gross domestic product (GDP), but after the oil adjustment, cotton exportation reduced drastically and presently accounts for around 5% of Nigeria’s Gross domestic product (GDP). To increase training capacity, training facilities were also established in all the small-holder farmer cotton production regions elsewhere in South Africa. In fact, more than 35% of organic cotton producers in Africa are female. In its growth phases, cotton is highly sensitive to excess moisture: In the first phase of sprouting and growth, the cotton plant needs moist soil, whereas in the ripening phase too much moisture damages the quality of the fibres. No need to register, buy now! The cotton plant loves warmth: it needs about 200 days of sunshine in the season to flourish and bear fruit. Some can earn less than two dollars a day from their cotton. The plants then blossoms into shrubs. This means that small producers have access to the same markets as large producers. How To Start Cotton Farming In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide 1). i need cotton seed. Hand-picked cotton is also cleaner, because the machines take considerable quantities of soil, leaves, twigs, etc. Cotton farmers in Burkina Faso: World prices are depressed. But an ecosystem only works if it is home to a whole range of species. Please I am planing to start cotton farming and export, but I want start with 10 hectares and what time is the best to plant? If you need a professional and affordable business plan service, StartupTipsDaily’s MBA standard professional business plan writing service is perfect for your small business. Last year was a record year for cotton production, resulting in a glut of cotton on the world market. They opted to wage a political campaign, rather than a legal battle . Cotton made in Africa cotton has time to ripen and is harvested by hand at the right time, before being taken for further processing. Their strength and their unique structure make them ideal for spinning: the fibres are twisted like a corkscrew, so they do not tear during spinning. Cotton’s most prominent environmental impacts result from the use of agrochemicals (especially pesticides), the consumption of water, and the conversion of habitat to agricultural use. I can Manage commercial Cotton project. Pima is considered the best quality of cotton on earth. Another problem is the high level of water consumption: the heavy use of artificial irrigation often leads to soil erosion and salinisation. The Organic & Fairtrade Cotton Coalition is active in various West African countries, including Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Benin. All available rainwater has to be used efficiently, especially in drier parts of Africa. Although it is not particularly worrisome for producers at this point, it has caught the attention of researchers, Extension personnel and others who work with farmers in parts of the Southeast. A number of 3 seeds should be planted per hole and it should be about an inch deep. Of course, that takes much longer, but it also has major benefits compared with machine harvesting. Cotton grows in the dry areas, in Kenya, mainly in Nyanza, western, eastern and Coast regions. As many as a 100 million rural households – 90 percent of them in developing countries – are directly engaged in cotton production, relying on it for their income. Cotton has been grown for food, fiber, and fuel for over 6,000 years. How To Start Cotton Farming In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide | Image Source: Pixabay. Proper pest control eliminates pest and limits losses. Cotton production has long been underway in Ethiopia. Cotton South Africa's Programmes. For higher-quality yarn, card sliver is put through a combing machine, which straightens the staple further and removes unwanted short lengths, or noils. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium, in the mallow family Malvaceae. Sustainable thinking in agriculture can help to secure people’s livelihoods. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. We run various programmes to constantly promote and develop the cotton industry in South Africa, such as the Smallholder Farmers Skills Development Programme, designed specifically to support smallholder cotton farmers and the Cotton Certification Scheme regulating the use of the Cotton Trade Mark. You can click here to get started with using StartupTipsDaily’s professional business plan writing service to create the perfect business plan that’d get accepted anywhere. In Cotton made in Africa we have found a partner that offers this commodity with social and ecological added value,” says Henning Strauss, grandson of the company’s founder and co-owner. Cream and pink colored flowers emerge briefly and give way to fruit at pollination. Cotton does not require very fertile farmland. Find the perfect cotton farming africa stock photo. ... PAN UK has more than two decades of experience supporting organic cotton farmers in Africa, but we are always looking for new ways … The seed is introduced into the soil at a depth of between 25 - 40 mm. Cotton is best planted by July in Benue bcos of our vegetation belt. Small-holder cotton farmer training Lack of knowledge and expertise among small-holder cotton farmers are major constraints that impede growth in the emerging cotton farming sector. In the end, what’s left is barren wasteland and new crop areas need to be developed. This variant is local to India and Pakistan, and are used mainly in the production of muslin. The buds for making fabric and the stalk for production of manure. Part of the global cotton industry sees genetically modified cotton, that protects itself against some pests with its own insecticide, as a solution to this problem. Lack of highly efficient storage facilities for the unprocessed nuts, Lack of capital for large scale production, Lack of easy access to the international market by most cashew nuts farmers in Nigeria, Instability of the international market price of Cashew Nuts, Lack of adequate widespread knowledge on how to produce high-quality Cashew Nuts In Nigeria, Lack of funds to import international standard Cashew Nuts processing machinery into Nigeria. Cotton from Africa has relatively long fibres and is carefully picked by hand. Your email address will not be published. Cotton producing countries in west Africa took a different approach from Brazil in challenging those egregious subsidies. Cotton seeds when crushed and processed can be used in the production of computer chipboards. The wet and dry phases in agricultural parts of Africa suit the cotton plant. IPCC projections suggest that warming scenarios risk having devastating effects on crop production and food security. As a result, some farmers have to use increasing amounts of pesticides and fertilisers in order to secure their crops. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. As a Agriculture Expert, I worked in Ethiopia(E.Africa) and Nigeria(W.Africa)in related to cotton farming. In this period, the cotton seeds forming inside the capsule are bundles of long fibres (called “staple”) and a layer of shorter, fluffy fibres (called “linter”). West Africa. See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Rubber Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide. with them. That is the reality of cotton farmers in west Africa. It has relatively long fibres, that fall into the medium staple length category (1 1/8 inch, about 28.5 mm) suitable for producing yarns that can be used for a range of applications, and which are processed worldwide to supply materials for fashion and home textiles. A lot of quantitative data, such as on harvest yields or the number of…. •Cotton made in Africa(CmiA) 116 •Fairtrade Cotton 122 •Australian Best Management Practices (myBMP) 126 •Organic Cotton 130 •Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) 134 •Field To Market: The Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture 138 •Response-inducing Sustainability Evaluation(RISE) 142 •Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture Systems (SAFA) 146. Cotton is often a complementary cash crop: it is cultivated for sale, alongside foods grown for subsistence. A traditional and still common processing method is ring spinning. Its parent organisation is the Hamburg-based Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF). All the cotton from GWK’s producers in South Africa is marketed collectively. The groundwater is heavily contaminated, which might cause disease among humans and animals. The high quality of African cotton is further enhanced by Cotton made in Africa’s interventions. The history of the domestication of cotton is very complex and is not known exactly. 14) of Cotton made in Africa standard. Before the revolution, large-scale commercial cotton plantations were developed in the Awash Valley  and the Humera areas. Cotton seeds when crushed and processed can also be used in the production of plastics. The machine makes one pass through the cotton field taking, not only the cotton boll, but everything in the field; however, human pickers work in a much more careful and environmentally-sound way, taking only completely mature fibre bolls. Thanks, Your email address will not be published. While conventional cotton production has been decreasing in most Sub-Saharan African countries over the last five years, the organic cotton production has steadily increased. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Smallholder farmers practise rain-fed cultivation, in other words they rely on natural rainfall being sufficient to water the crops. Tillery and his brand Black Cotton are now working assiduously to make cotton farming cool. Staple length varies between 18 and 42 millimetres. Water requirement is less than for crops like corn and soybeans and cotton could be planted in dry land. Their cotton fetched top prices because its high-quality fibre lent a luxurious sheen to clothing and bedsheets. Cotton does not only just contribute to the economic output of any nation that grows it, but can also be beneficial to the health of the people, as the seeds produce healthy oil, which are great sources of Vitamin E and low in cholesterol. This is because cotton is a very tolerant crop and grows well on poor soils. More than 100,000 US farmers die each year from cancers related to the chemicals. The cotton ginnery is where it is sent for separation. Crop rotation means that the cotton is grown alternately with other crops, such as basic food crops like maize, soy or groundnuts. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The use of genetically modified seeds is part of the exclusion criteria (Exclusion Criteria No. But during this process, you need to weed the farmland, to ensure the cotton plants are given optimal growing conditions. Photo by Joseph Opoku Gakpo . See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Sesame Seeds Farming Business In Nigeria Or Africa: The Complete Guide. Local biodiversity was degraded or lost and forests were cleared. Swele was a sunflower farmer until she realised there was greater potential in farming cotton. MALI. There are a number of cultivation methods that contribute to protecting species diversity, the most important of which is crop rotation when growing cotton, which helps to maintain the quality of the soil. Only the long fibres are used for textile production. Smallholder cotton farmers spend up to 60% of their annual income on pesticides. Cotton farming is the complete process of cotton cultivation from the clearing of the farmland to the planting of seedlings and finally the harvesting of the cotton plant for both local consumption, commercial purposes, and exportation. In Africa, cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, and there are very few large plantations. Good write up, I find it very useful, but how can I site the publication. Too little or too much fertilizer, planting seeds too early or too late and weed and insect infestation coul… CmiA promotes sustainable cotton farming in sub-Saharan Africa. CmiA is tackling this problem in cooperation with its African partners. Under optimal conditions of soil-moisture, the seedling will emerge within 7 days. Cotton farming in South Africa is a summer crop. Thank you very much. Cotton remains one of the leading cash crops in the world. Another benefit is that hand picking, unlike machine harvesting, does not use defoliants, so there is less chemical contamination of the cotton. It takes about six months to go from planting cotton to harvesting it. It is a process where the mass of cotton is subjected to opening, cleaning, picking, carding, combing, drawing, roving, and spinning. In response, Cotton SA has established a formal training program for small-holder cotton farmers. Do you mind having a business club that will include others interested in the business. It is planted from October to the end of November and harvested in May - June. We have recently begun cotton farming operations in the Mato Grosso region. High domestic cotton prices and low polyester prices in China, the world’s largest consumer of cotton, have made its cotton spinning sector less competitive, according to the report. It was funded by an initial grant of R200-million from the dti. CmiA then reinvests the licensing revenue towards meeting its objectives, as outlined above. Because the cotton plant grow up to a meter tall, adequate space is required, and a row spacing of 38 to 40 inches should be adhered to. Cottonseed oil is used in the production of cosmetics. African cotton flourishes under the right conditions with rain-fed cultivation and plenty of sunshine. The short fluffy fibres (linter) cannot be spun, but are used elsewhere, such as in the manufacture of cellulose. Cotton bolls are used in producing cotton fiber used in textile production. In addition to its use in clothing, societies in the developing world turn to this cotton, for medicinal purposes, including the treatment of nausea, headaches, fevers, haemorrhages, and diarrhoea. Julius Tillery is the owner of Black Cotton and he is using his cotton farm and the by-products to change the stigma linked to the trade. Only a small number of alternative farmers completely abstain from using pesticides and sell their raw material as organic cotton. A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. Kenya: To Grow Kenya's Textile Industry, We Must Revive Cotton Farming - allAfrica.com Search By the late 1920s around two-thirds of all African-American tenants and almost three-fourths of the croppers worked on cotton farms, and two in three black women from black landowning families were involved in cotton farming. Growing rainfed cotton is a risky, weather-dependent activity, for which west African farmers have scarce insurance options. It is estimated that 97% of the water in the Indus River goes towards producing crops like cotton. The use of pesticides is thus a negative side effect of cotton cultivation worldwide. Cotton is predominantly a smallholder crop and represents a crucial source of income for millions of farmers and their families in more than 20 countries across all regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Cotton yarn is spun from the seed fibres, which can grow to lengths of more than 40 millimetres. The seed is introduced into the soil at a depth of between 25 - 40 mm. Cotton made in Africa has specified the farming methods that are permitted in a list of criteria, with compliance regularly checked as part of a verification process. Cotton seeds are planted on ridges because cotton grows into shrubs. The training program was successfully launched at the Lowveld College of Agriculture at Nelspruit in 2001. The cultivation methods imparted by Cotton Made in Africa also support smallholder farmers in growing food and thus make an important contribution to food security. Frost could retard growth and lead to reduced yield in the same way that too little heat could. In 2000, farmers in Burkina Faso, Africa’s top cotton grower, were desperate. Artificial irrigation, often used in large plantations, is practically unknown in Africa. Instead of collecting donations, it follows the principle of helping people to help themselves through trade: CmiA-certified cotton is in demand in the global market, with a worldwide alliance of textile companies and brands paying a licensing fee to use the CmiA seal. “Locally, we produce less than our demand. Cotton is a plant that is cultivated for a multitude of purposes and products. South Africa also produces extremely high quality cotton with 70%-80% exported,” Louw told Farmer’s Weekly. Cotton farming became a major area of racial conflict in the history of the United States, particularly during the nineteenth century. That makes it a high-quality raw material. 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